October 10, 2018

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Rural Development

Rural Development

 

 

Rural development focuses on action for the development of areas that are

lagging behind in the overall development of the village economy.



 

  • Theypossess few assets.
  • Theyreside in kutcha hutments.
  • Manydo not get to have even two meals a day.
  • Starvation,hunger, malnutrition and ill health
  • Lackbasic literacy and skills
  • Unstableemployment

 

Credit and Marketing in Rural Areas 

Rural banking: A critical appraisal

 

Achievements

  • Increasein both farm and non-farm incomes, output and employment
  • Increasein agricultural production

 

Chapter  6 Rural Development

Limitations

  • Highlevel of overdue by the farmers
  • Highloan defaults

Agricultural Market System

Agricultural Marketing is the process of assembling, storage, processing,

transportation, packaging, grading and distribution of agricultural commodities

across the country.

 

 

Defects in Agricultural Marketing prior to Independence

 

  • Malpracticesin markets like manipulations of weights and measures
  • Lackof market information regarding past and current prices
  • Inadequatestorage capacity
  • Largenumber of middlemen
  • Lackof standardization and grading

 

 

Measures to Overcome Defects

 

  • Regulationof markets
  • Provisionof physical infrastructure facilities
  • Promotionof cooperative marketing
  • Useof policy instruments by government like MSP, maintenance of buffer

stock and distribution of food grains and sugar through PDS.

 

 

Diversification into Productive Activities

 

 

  • Diversificationof crop production.

 

Chapter  6 Rural Development

 

  • Shiftof the workforce from agriculture to other allied activities like live

stock, poultry, fisheries etc.

 

Information Technology (IT) is fast emerging as a viable alternative

livelihood option.

 

Organic Farming refers to the system of farming that restores, maintains and

enhances ecological balance. The environmental pollution caused y conventional

agriculture



 

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