What is waste?
Can you identify what are these? Yes these are Wastes also known as rubbish, trash, refuse, and garbage, junk is unwanted substances or unusable materials.
Waste is any substance which is discarded after primary use or anything that does not create value.
Introduction to Waste management
Arising quality of life, high rates of resource consumption patterns have had an unintended and negative impact on urban environment. Generation of wastes became far beyond the handling capacities of government and agencies. It sounds more like a need of management to handle the scenario and that is what waste management!!
Waste management refers to the process of minimizing waste generation and recycling the generated waste to the maximum, to save cost.
Need for waste management
The need of waste management arises as far as from past decades, the need arises in order to Control different types of pollution, to stop the spread of infectious diseases, to conserve our environmental resources including mineral water, forest etc., to recycling of hazardous wastes for further production.
For every business organization waste management is important as their business and so warehouse, yes for warehouse by controlling waste it helps to gain efficient use of space, running cost control, legal obligation etc.
3 R’s of Waste Management
The 3 R’s of waste management are Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle.
Types of waste
Waste can be of different categories like;
Industrial wastes, Household waste, biomedical waste and Electronic waste.
Waste management process
Waste management process was a cyclic process carried out by Collection, segregation, dumping, composting and drainage and recycling.
Collection is an activity concerned with the collection of solid waste at specific locations.
Segregation is the process separating waste into solid and liquid.
Dumping is the process of disposal of solid waste. The waste disposal techniques include landfills, Incineration and Combustion.
Composting is an easy and natural bio-degradation process that takes organic wastes i.e., remains of plants and garden and kitchen wastes.
Drainage is one of the most common practices in which the waste are drained directly into water bodies like rivers, lakes, ponds, oceans etc, although it is economical , but it pollutes the water and it is not a good practise follow.
Recycling is a method in which the wastes can further used through reprocessing.
Waste reduction practices
We all should aim for Zero waste, Rather than generating waste so, we should practise to reduce the waste and let us all move towards to create a Zero waste community.
Some of the waste reduction practises that we can follow are Turn off lights, machinery, water, etc. when not in use, Use of mechanical cleaning methods, Maintaining of equipments properly, Installing drip trays to prevent spillage from drums/barrels, Re-use cartons & corrugated sheets to repackage and Maintaining hygiene at your workplace helps reduce waste.