Warehouse process- put away Operations
Warehouse process- put away Operations
Introduction to Warehouse Processes
As we know that warehouse is the storage of goods until they are needed. The goal of this warehouse processes is to satisfy the customer needs and requirements. Behind this goal lots of processes are going on and among them, out of the three major warehouse processes named ‘Receiving’, ‘Put-Away’ and ‘Dispatch’, we will discuss the ‘Put-away’ operation in this video. Let us briefly understand, what does put-away mean?
Meaning and importance of Put-away operation
Warehouse put-away process refers to processes that take place right from the receipt of the products in the warehouse to their final storage or usage. Moving and storage of goods involve determining the storage location and the put-away technique.
Effectively carrying out this process play an important role in maintaining the accuracy of the inventory. Not only does it improve control in the supply chain, but also helps in timely fulfillment of customer orders.
Major Three Operations involves in Put-away
Major operations involves in dispatch operation are Identifying storage area, Identifying Material Handling Equipments and moving of goods, stacking and storing.
Activities in Put-away Process Flow
The put-away operations begin with the determining of storage location, identifying the correct Material Handling Equipment to be used, Slotting of goods, moving of goods using appropriate Material Handling Equipment and put cart, stacking of goods and finally storage of goods.
Determine Storage Location
The determination of storage location is done by the Warehouse in-charge, depending on the types and volume of goods to be stored. The storage location is determined based on: Types of goods to be stored and Volume of goods to be stored.
Storage location varies from:
Random location where Goods are placed randomly at any available storage location, closest open area in which the open area closes to the unloading area, dedicated storage where Storage is at fixed locations for defined goods, Class based storage: Products stored as per ABC classification. Class ‘A’ items are those with highest value but contributing for just about 15% of the inventory, Class ‘B’ refers to the mid-range value which contributes to about 30% of value and Class ‘C’ items may be low in value but contribute as much as 55% of the inventory, and in Family Grouping, Grouping takes place of similar items and storing them in proximity.
Identify the MHE to be used
The storage location is identified/ allotted and the material is moved using an appropriate ‘Material, Handling Equipment’ as per the volume, fragility and load of goods
MHE or Material Handling Equipment is used to move goods from the staging area to the permanent storage location. MHEs should always be placed at their appropriate location once the goods have been moved.
Slotting of Goods
Slotting involves determining the most appropriate location for each item in the warehouse. Slotting of goods is done by considering certain factors such as temperature, chemicals, safety value, storage mode, and volume, weight and picking.
While slotting, remember to slot goods before movement from staging area to the permanent storage location, never place mixed orders on pallets while slotting and finally perform quality check before slotting of goods to be moved.
Movement of Goods
Goods are moved from the staging area to the area of permanent storage using the appropriate MHE. Goods are moved by referring to a document called Put-Cart.
A put-cart has details of storage location of goods being moved such as: Goods to be moved, Storage location, Batch it belongs to, Bar Code etc.
Put Away may involve various practices: Direct put-away which involves moving goods directly to permanent location, Directed put-away, involves moving goods by directing another person to place it on a certain location in a particular way, Batched and Sequence put-away involves moving goods after sorting out on the basis of sequence and location, Interleaving and Continuous move involves moving goods for put-away and picking at the same time.
Stacking is the method of storing goods on the floor/ racks. Stacking means the efficient use of floor space to store goods
Various stacking methods include: Pallet stacking, Rack stacking, Block Stacking. Stacking should be done in a manner which utilizes the available cubic space and Goods should be stacked one above the other only if the items in the boxes do not get damaged.
In warehousing, goods storage function involves determining a final storage location and keeping goods there till the customer demands it. A safe storage location is considered by certain factors such as safe storing, safe picking and less floor area.
Warehouse professional should store goods according to the following principles such as Storage Plan, Types of goods and Precautions.
A storage plan is made to allocate sufficient space for the goods that is supposed to arrive
Types of goods where Goods is stored as per its nature and characteristic
Precautions should be taken over goods such as Food, inflammable & hazardous items are stored separately.
Various storage methods are practiced in warehousing based on the physical space occupied by goods and they are Pallets, racks/shelves, floor storage and case storage.
Put-away operator is the individual who move goods from the Staging (Inward) area to the permanent storage location.
The other responsibilities done by him are Quality checking and Validation of goods before movement, Selection of appropriate MHE for movement.